First major animation experience- early 20th century. it is a device that produces the illusion of an action due to a rapid succession of static pictures- its meaning is from the Greek language which can be taken to mean the “wheel of life”
As the cylinder spins the user looks through the slits at the pictures on the opposite side of the cylinder’s interior. The scanning of the slits keeps the pictures from simply blurring together so that the user sees a rapid succession of images producing the illusion of motion, the equivalent of a motion picture. Cylindrical zoetropes have the property of causing the images to appear thinner than their actual sizes when viewed in motion through the slits.
The modern zoetrope was invented in 1834 by British mathematician William George Horner. It didn’t become popular until the 1860s, when it was patented by makers in both England and America.
The largest zoetrope in the world by the guiness book of world records, is the BRAVIA- dorm a UK visual effects house presented in 2008 a 10m wide and 10 tonne zoetrope for sony, promoting their motion interpolation technology.