Edward Muybridge

1830-1904

Muybridge was an english photographer who mostly lived in the U.S.A and is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion. In order to capture this motion he used multiple cameras and his zoopraxiscope – a device for projecting motion pictures

the horse in motion- this series of images was taken in order to answer the question of  “whether all four of a horse’s hooves are off the ground at the same time during a gallop?”  and this photographic sequence shows that they do- when the horse’s hooves are tucked under its body.

 

Muybridge gave a series of lectures on the Science of Animal Locomotion in the Zoopraxographical Hall,in chicago in 1893. He used his zoopraxiscope to show his moving images to a paying public making the Hall the very first commercial movie theater.

 

The zoopraxiscope is an early device for displaying motion pictures, also created by Muybridge in 1879 considered to be the first movie projector.

The zoopraxiscope projected images from rotating glass disks in rapid succession to give the impression of motion. The stop-motion images were initially painted onto the glass, as silhouettes. A second series of discs, made in 1892-94, used outline drawings printed onto the discs photographically, then colored by hand. Some of the animated images are very complex, featuring multiple combinations of sequences of animal and human movement.

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